BABY FEEDING FORMULA
Keep in mind that the early entry of any of these foods has some drawbacks, as is the case with allergies. Therefore, if there is a history of allergies in your family, you should consult your pediatrician.
Among the pediatricians, there may be small variations in the date of introduction of food, but they will always be included among those considered appropriate for the baby.
Food in the first month of life
- Exclusive breastfeeding.
- During the first week of life, the baby is offered 8 shots a day of 60-90 ml, at 14%, that is, with 2-3 level measures of an adapted formula of onset. You can start with smaller amounts and increase to the desired level according to the child’s weight.
- In the following weeks, the volume is increased to 90-120 ml, which means 3-4 plain cups of the formula, 7-8 shots per day (depending on nighttime rest).
The approximate weekly weight gain during the first month of life will be 200 to 250 gr.
Food during the second month of life
- Exclusive breastfeeding.
- If you take adapted formula as a single start food, the volume will be 120 ml per dose initially and will increase to 130-150 ml depending on the child’s appetite. 7 shots per day will be offered. The child should not be forced to finish the bottles.
Food during the third month of life
- Exclusive breastfeeding.
- If the mother returns to work and wants to continue breastfeeding exclusively, she has several alternatives:
- Extraction and preservation of milk in the workplace: the mother is extracted with a breast pump milk in her work schedule and then when she returns home and is with the child, gives all the shots he can. The person caring for the baby will supply the milk extracted by the mother during working hours, while the mother is away from home.The extracted milk should be stored at the temperature and in suitable containers.
- There is also the possibility that a family member brings the baby closer to work so that the mother can breastfeed or the mother can leave work to do it already at home, already in a nearby nursery. This option should be calibrated already during pregnancy, looking for in the company those measures that best fit the schedule, type of work and wishes of the nursing mother.
- If the mother returns to work and wants to continue breastfeeding but does not want or cannot express milk, she can use bottles of formulas adapted for those shots in which she is in her workplace.
- If you take adapted formulas the approximate volume of milk will be between 150 cc and 180 cc per dose, 5-6 doses per day.
The weekly weight gain in this period of time will be 175-200 gr.
Food during the fourth month of life
- Exclusive breastfeeding.
- If adapted formula is taken, it will remain the starting formula, and with a volume between 150-180 ml per dose (4-5 shots per day).
- At this age, the introduction of complementary feeding can be initiated, although it is most advisable to wait until the 5th month and never wait beyond the 6th month, since breastfeeding or adapted formulas after the 6th month do not allow the nutritional contribution suitable.
- If you start the complementary feeding in the 4th month it is preferable to do it with fruit porridge.
- If the child is constipated it is advisable to give freshly squeezed orange juice and cut in half with water, starting with a teaspoon to gradually increase according to age and intestinal tolerance
Food in the fifth month of life
When you start with complementary feeding, offer the child the breast first and then the rest of the food. Offer your breast again at the end of the meal.
As long as the baby makes four chest shots, he does not need other dairy foods such as yogurt, cheese or other milk in porridge or puree.
Cereals can be prepared with breast milk, water, broth or added to fruit porridge. It is not necessary to give them with an artificial milk.
- From this age on, the bottles should be prepared with adapted continuation milk: 180-240 cc / dose (4-5 times / day), prepared in the same way (1 small bowl for every 30 ml of water).
- From the fifth month, as a general normal, complementary feeding should be started.
- Make sure that the milk supply is not less than 500 ml / day to ensure sufficient supply of calcium and minimal proteins necessary for growth.
- Between food and food that you enter, it is convenient, wait 4 to 7 days, for the child to get used to each food completely and be able to notice that food has produced intolerance or allergic reaction.
- It is usually started with cereals without gluten and then continue with fruit porridge
- If you refuse any food, do not insist and reintroduce it after one or two weeks.
- Solids should be offered with a spoon. Let the child experience eating first with his fingers and then with the spoon.
Cereals without gluten
- Prepare the bottle of milk normally (Ex. 180 cc of water with 6 scoops of milk) and add the cereal cups, starting with 2 or 3 cups and gradually increasing to increase its consistency to porridge (6-7 cereal cups) .
- Substitute breakfast or dinner with cereals.
- Do not add cereals when the water is still boiling, since in addition to mixing worse, some nutritional properties can be lost.
- Of the existing commercial preparations of cereal porridge it is convenient to start their introduction with a simple grain cereal such as rice, corn, soy or tapioca that cause less allergies.
- Cereal porridge has a higher energy value than bottles and a slower absorption, so the feeling of hunger is delayed in children, allowing spacing between shots, so the shots are every 4 hours instead of every 3 .
- We will start it a few days after having introduced the cereals, replacing as a general rule the taking of the snack. The fruit must be peeled and the seeds removed.
- You can start with juice to continue with a whipped porridge made with ripe banana, apple and pear to which the orange juice is added. 2 or 3 pieces of fruits will be used for each shot.
- Once the previous ones have been tolerated, all kinds of fruits will be introduced successively, although we must avoid, until after the first year of life, some potentially allergenic fruits such as strawberry, melon, raspberry, blackberries and peach.
- For the preparation of fruit porridge it is not necessary to add milk, but in some cases and to favor its acceptance by the child, they can be added to a bottle with 60 cc of water and 2 milk cups, and even if you do not accept it You could also add 1 or 2 small gluten-free cereal flakes with the fruit pieces.
Food in the sixth month of life
- In this age we will introduce chicken and vegetables.
- It is better to vary the combination of vegetables every day to prevent the child from getting used to the same taste and getting bored.
- The puree prepared with these ingredients will replace the food intake.
- The introduction of the vegetables is initially done with vegetable broth, to test the tolerance and start the diversification of flavors and, later, we will give them in the form of purees.
- We will start with vegetables such as potatoes and carrots, continuing with celery, leek, squash, zucchini, onions, green beans and tomatoes. Subsequently, all types of vegetables EXCEPT spinach and beets will be added, which should only be introduced from the first year of life due to their high nitrate content.
- You should also avoid vegetables that cause air such as cabbage, cauliflower, etc.
- It is advisable to add a teaspoon of dessert (5 ml) of raw olive oil to this puree.
Food in the seventh and eighth month of life
- From 7 months on we will introduce two new foods:
- Cereal porridge with gluten.
- Meats other than chicken in the vegetable porridge.
Cereals with gluten
These cereals contain a protein compound called gluten that can cause intolerance in many children, the most serious disease being celiac disease. Cereals with gluten are: wheat, rye, oats and barley. For this reason it is not convenient to give the child foods that may have gluten, such as donuts, bread, cookies, etc.
We had started with the chicken at 6 months, which is a lighter meat and easy to crush, from now on we will alternate it with the veal and later the lamb. The amount will be 40-80 gr., Roasted (not fried with oil) or boiled. All this added to the vegetable stock / puree, and always without adding salt.
Food from the ninth to the twelfth month of life
From 9 months and even a few days before if there have been no intolerances to other foods, it is advisable to introduce the fish, which usually replaces dinner. It should be prepared cooked and without salt and always starting with white fish for having less fat and being potentially less allergenic. Add 50-70 grams of cooked hake or sole to a vegetable stock.
You could add 2 or 3 cups of milk to complete the daily milk supply (try these combinations to find out what your child likes best.)
Use the fish 3 or 4 times a week.
In addition to chicken, veal or lamb, we can introduce other more fatty meats such as pork, rabbit, trying to remove the fat (leave only lean), in an amount between 70? 100 gr.
Start with the cooked yolk, soft (passed through water) or hard and grated 2 to 3 times per week, adding it to the vegetable purees with meat or fish, being prudent to offer it progressively, initially a quarter, the next half week and later whole. DO NOT give the whole egg (since the egg white contains a very allergenic protein that should not be introduced until after the year of age).
Food from the twelfth month of life
From the year of life some changes and new foods can be introduced in our child’s diet:
Although it is advisable to continue using adapted formulas until 2 or 3 years of age (optimal supply of nutrients and vitamins), from the year of life we could start giving normal cow’s milk, initially semi-skimmed and then whole.
Since we have introduced normal cow’s milk, there is no problem in giving other dairy products such as yogurts, custards, cheeses that will help us complete the daily milk supply of 500 ml per day, ensuring the amount of calcium our child needs for their development and growth.
Keep in mind that a yogurt or a custard of 100 gr is equivalent to about 125 cc of milk.
Add them to vegetable broths with meat, and always removing the skin before crushing them (chickpeas, lentils, white beans …). Its administration must be very gradual and progressive (1-2 times per week). After 18 months they can be found on the skin.
No more than 2 or 3 times a week, preferably cooked or as an omelet.
We should never give raw eggs (for example, add it in the soup, because less than 50% is digested and there is a risk of transmission of infections such as salmonella).
- From the year they should leave small pieces to chew and encourage the development of your dentition.
- The feeding of the child should not be forced.